Tag: money

What affects exchange rates and how to make sure you’re getting the best one

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Exchange rates determine how much a currency is worth is relation to another currency. Unless your currency is pegged (usually to the US Dollar) then it will fluctuate against all other currencies constantly throughout the day. Pegged currencies still change in relation to all currencies other than their pegged counterpart. The exchange rate is a window into the economic health of a country which is why it is constantly scrutinised and analysed by those in the finance sector and government.

Various features of the economic system determine the exchange rate of one currency to another at any given time. Three key factors that govern rates are:-

Inflation

Countries with lower inflation will see their currency rise in relation to other nations. The prices of goods and services increase slower when inflation is low. Those with high inflation with typically see the value of their currency diminish.

Interest rates

Interest rates are often used by governments as a tool to manipulate exchange rates. If interest rates are higher, this serves to attract foreign capital and investment and increases the exchange rate. The inverse is also true, lower interest rates will usually lower an exchange rate.

Economic growth and financial stability

Countries with growing economies that are financially stable will see an increase in the value of their currency due to investors purchasing more of their goods and services. Those with weak economies or nations with fiscal instability will suffer as foreign businesses are less likely to buy and invest.

How to ensure the best exchange rate

There is no one size fits all when trying to secure the best interest rate. The rate you receive very much depends on the amount being transferred, the destination of the remittance and the method of transfer used.

The best way to obtain the most cost-effective exchange rate is through extensive research. Those doing transfers should compare the rates offered by local money exchangers, currency brokers and online options offered via banks.

However, not all of these are an option for low income workers who do not have access to bank accounts and cannot access online rates.  For these people, fees at remittance houses matter more than a small decimal point exchange rate movement. They need to shop around for the lowest fees offered.

Unfortunately, the average low-income worker has little time to research all the local remittance houses and their exchange rates to find the best one. With only one day off a week, time is precious and as many are under pressure to send money home as quickly as possible the result is that the closest exchange house is usually the one most people will use.

With NOW Money, users will be able to browse exchange rates from their phone and access rates usually reserved for online transfers. The app aims to end the financial segregation experienced by those at the lower end of the income scale and give more power to workers to choose the way they want to remit and allow them greater control over their finances.

Sending money home – the difficulties faced by the UAE’s migrant workers

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A large part of life for many migrant workers in the UAE is sending money home. Most are here because they can earn substantially more than they can in their native countries, coupled with this is the fact that a lot of expatriates are supporting families at home.

Sending funds from one country to another might seem simple in these days of online transfers however, many workers in the UAE are paid on prepaid payroll cards, which they can only use to withdraw cash from an ATM, and their wages are lower than the AED 5000 required by banks to access even a basic account.

If you don’t have access to online banking, or any banking at all, the only option left is cash transfers. This is something NOW Money is solving by allowing low-income workers to access the same advantageous transfer rates as those in the banking system via a payments app. For now however, cash remains king for this section of the population.

An expatriate sending money home needs to consider these main three factors:

  • Which is the fastest way to send money?
  • Which exchange house has the best exchange rates?
  • What, if any, are the “hidden fees”?

Obviously, working out all of the above and choosing where to make your transfer takes time and resources. A worker who only has one day off a week will almost certainly not have the time to research the best options every month which potentially leaves them worse off.

Cash transfers fall into three main areas; Cash to cash, cash to bank and cash to card. All of these require an exchange house to carry out the transaction. Users can either use a standard exchange house Al Ansari Exchange or UAE Exchange or an express exchange house such as Western Union.

Standard exchange houses are generally cheaper in terms of transaction fees than express ones but the downside is they are slower in sending funds across borders. Express houses can have the money sent over in a matter of minutes but inevitably, the fees are higher for this service.

Exchange rates marginally differ from one exchange house to another however, although there may not be huge differences, over time migrant workers can save a chunk of their income if they find and transfer their money from the right exchange houses at the right time.

It may be a little difficult to compare rates across these houses, as rates change constantly, on average more than 5 times a day, so pinpointing the optimum time to make the transfer is complex.  Technology is changing this and there are websites that compare rates at different exchange houses. Get4x.com for example give up to the minute rates across the different exchange houses and the best location to use.

Surprisingly, exchange rates differ depending on the location of the exchange house’s branch. On average, rates are more competitive in Sharjah for example than in the malls of Dubai however they may not be as accessible.

Another consideration for those making the transfers are the charges or the “hidden fees”. Many exchange houses across the UAE are known for implementing indirect costs which the consumer is not always aware off, essentially withholding some of the money at the time of pickup at their foreign branches.

Sending money home to loved ones comes with many headaches at present for low-income workers. NOW Money plans to change this by giving those previously excluded from the banking sector access to online accounts and payments facilities. The service will provide the best exchange rates available with the in-app marketplace, and it will also give an update on when the money is due to arrive back home. The best part of all is that the transfers can all be done with a few clicks on a screen in an internet connection. NOW Money aims to help people receive the same access to services that those in higher income roles take for granted. It’s time to stop financial apartheid and allow everyone the choice to bank online.

by Vivek Harjani

What does it take to be Dubai’s most requested beautician? – Part 2

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In this edition of “a day in the life”, we revisit Dubai’s most requested beautician.  Last time we heard her story we learned of her day-to-day life in Dubai. This time, she tells us about future plans and experiences in her native India.

 Last time we caught up, you told me about how you came to Dubai and your family. How was your summer and what are you looking forward to now?

 It was fantastic to go home and see all our family. Usually we go for around a month, but this time we only went for two weeks.

Do you have less vacation time this year?

No, it’s the same as usual but this time we’ve split it into two blocks. We’re going back in January as well as my sister got engaged, so they’re having the wedding at home in our village which we’re all really looking forward to.

Awesome! Is he also from India or will his family have to travel to yours for the wedding?

My sister and I are from a tiny area in the North of India. There aren’t many people from there living in Dubai.  Amazingly her fiancé is from the next village, and they didn’t know each other at all before meeting here in the UAE.

What an amazing chance.  So are you now spending a lot of time planning and looking at things she needs for the wedding?

Yes, there’s more choice in Dubai so she’s getting things like shoes here and we’ll be dragging them all back!

That’s good of you! Is it easy for you to get home? Is there a direct flight?

Unfortunately not – it’s a four hour flight from Dubai to Delhi, then another four hour domestic flight from Delhi to near where we live, and then someone has to pick us up and drive another hour.

Ouch. Sounds a bit like the journey I have to make to visit my parents! Could you take a train from Delhi instead?

Don’t get me started on the train! When we first decided to move to Dubai, we didn’t have enough money for the domestic flight, so we took the train to Delhi. It took SIX FULL DAYS to get there. You don’t have anywhere decent to sleep, just a seat. And you and your friends can’t all sleep at the same time, because people will rob your bags, or worse. The train is really dangerous in India, and because it’s always moving, it’s hard for the police to catch the criminals. Honestly, I would rather not visit at all than have to take the train again. I tell everyone who is planning to visit not to take it.

OK, so you definitely don’t recommend the train! Will anything else change when your sister gets married – will she leave?

No, they’re planning on staying here in Dubai. They haven’t decided what to do about living arrangements yet. If she moves out of our current place it’s fine, I have a lot of other friends where I live– mostly from Thailand as we like to cook the same sort of things. I think life will stay pretty much the same.

What does the future look like in terms of work for you?

Work is good, I’m always very busy! The salon is launching a microblading service very soon, so I’ve been training for that. I’m really looking forward to doing something different and expanding my skills. Even back in Northern India people are starting to be very interested in this service so it’s great that I will be able to do it. If I ever want to go home I think I’ll have lots of clients!